Immigrant Families And The Parent Child Relationship Essay

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Introduction
The task of parenting is difficult for anyone. This task is even more difficult when examining immigrant families and the parent-child relationship. The population of first and second generation immigrant children in the United States grew by 51 percent between 1995 and 2014 (Child Trends, 2014, p. 3). According to the Migration Policy Institute, about 88 percent of immigrant children are born in the U.S (U.S. Census Bureau, 2014). While some immigrant children and their families are able to adjust to the United States smoothly, there is still a huge percentage of immigrant children who face a number of risks to healthy development. Immigrant children are more likely than non-immigrant children to live in families with a low socio-economic status, to have parents with low educational attainment and to have poor health (Child Trends, 2014). In addition to the risk factors that impact immigrant families, there are also dilemmas in the parent-child relationship. A major issue confronted by immigrant children and their parents is the acculturation gap that emerges over time. Immigrant children are able to adjust relatively quickly to the new culture as a result of school and other activities. While immigrant children can quickly acquire to the values and behaviors of the host culture, studies have shown that immigrant adults retain their original culture, slowing their acculturation process (Liebkind, 1996). When the child’s adaptation exceeds that of their
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