Immigration Act Of The Border

1473 Words6 Pages
Border Patrol began in 1904 when illegal crossings at the border were prevented by seventy five “mounted guards” who were given directives by the U.S immigration service to patrol the border (U.S. Customs and Border Protection, n.d). Patrols were, however, not consistent because of limited resources and little supervision. They attempted to prevent Chinese illegal migration as they patrolled along the border in California. However, from 1915, resources such as horses, cars and boats were added to a more specified group, authorized and named “mounted inspectors” by Congress. They patrolled the southern border with instructions from Commissioner-General of Immigration (U.S. Customs and Border Protection, n.d). Their patrolling efforts were…show more content…
The U.S. government under Franklin Roosevelt therefore provided the required resources such as badges, uniforms, revolvers, salaries and oats for horses already owned by some of the recruits. Operating under two directors in charge of the Mexican border office and Canadian border office in 1932, the Border Patrol worked to counter liquor and alien smugglers at the border. The Immigration and Naturalization Service was formed in 1933 when President Franklin Roosevelt merged the Bureau of Naturalization and the Bureau of Immigration. In December 1934, classes in horsemanship and marksmanship were attended by thirty four trainees after the first Border Patrol Academy was initiated in El Paso (U.S. Customs and Border Protection, n.d). Although cars and radios were used in the patrolling exercise, horses remained convenient for the Border Patrol because of the rugged terrain. The Border Patrol became more effective as the duties continued to be executed over the years and much of its efforts as seen during the war years (Wallechinsky, n.d.). It expanded more after the Immigration Service was shifted to the Department of Justice from the Department of Labor in 1940. The number of officers in Border Patrol rose to 1531 and after World War II, more personnel joined the force (U.S. Customs and Border Protection, n.d). The Border Patrol’s effectiveness during the war was seen in its ability to manage detention camps, to exercise strong control at the border, to assist U.S.
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