Immigration Of Hispanics And Hispanics

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National Identity and Loyalty

I selected to highlight immigration of Hispanics and Latinos, since it is a relatively young (compared to the national average), diverse population with many subgroups, with complicated socioeconomic factors, and shares a troubled history with the United States (U.S. Census Bureau, 2006). The largest group of immigrants that came from Mexico has settled in Arizona, California, Texas and New Mexico. These areas of the United States also happen to share a significant historical grievance with the United States. The cities of Los Angeles, San Diego and San Antonio all share Hispanic roots as evidenced in the origin of their names. Those areas were once considered a territory of Mexico, but annexed from Mexico during the Mexican-American war and The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo in 1848.
In 2000, nearly 13 percent of Americans claimed Hispanic ancestry (US Census Bureau, 2000). Accounting for more than 20 million people, the Mexican-origin population surpasses the “sum of all nonblack minority groups combined”. The Mexican-origin population also surpasses “every white ethnic group except for German-Americans” (US Census Bureau 2008). It is projected that non-Hispanic whites will no longer be the majority of the population in 2042 according to the US Census Bureau.

In 2008, UCLA sociology professors Edward Telles and Vilma Ortiz found that more than 25% of fourth-generation Mexican Americans did not graduate from high school and that between the
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