Essay about Immigration and Its Effect on the United States' Economy

1640 Words 7 Pages
Immigration and Its Effect on the United States' Economy

The 1990s have brought the largest influx of immigrants into labor force of the
United States of any decade in this nation's history. A panel of social science scholars concluded their assessment of U.S. society with the observation that
"America's biggest import is people" and determined that "at a time when attention is directed to the general decline in American exceptionalism,
American immigration continues to flow at a rate unknown elsewhere in the world"
[Oxford Analytica 1986, 20]. Unlike earlier mass immigration periods to the
United States the present day wave of immigration to the U.S. show "no sign of imminent decline" [Bouvier 1991, 18]. "In today's world
…show more content…
Immigration, therefore, is a major contributor to the nation's adult illiteracy problem. On the other hand, both foreign-born adults and native-born adults had the same percentage of persons who had a bachelor's degree or higher (20.3 percent and 20.4 percent, respectively), but with regard to those who had graduate degrees, foreign-born adults had a considerably higher percentage than did the native-born, 3.8 percent versus 2.4 percent.( )" It is at both ends of the U.S. labor force that immigration has its greatest impact at the bottom and at the top of the economic ladder.
"The overall unemployment rate of foreign-born workers in 1994 was 9.2 percent, while the comparable national unemployment rate at the time was 6.5 percent.
The unemployment rate for foreign-born workers with less than a ninth grade education in 1994 was 13 percent; for those with some high school but no diploma, it was 15.2 percent. The comparable rates for native-born workers were 13.5 percent and 29.9 percent." Consequently, the greatest labor market impact of immigration is in the sector of the labor market that is already having the greatest difficulty finding employment. "The 1990 Census also disclosed that
79.1 percent of
Open Document