Immigration to the United States Essay

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Immigration to the United States
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Immigration to the United States has been happening since the Mayflower landed at Plymouth Rock in 1492. America is one of the most diverse nations in the world, attracting people from every corner of the globe in hopes of a better way of life. America in the past has relied on migrant workers to balance the economies growth when internal resources have been exhausted; moreover, the agriculture business has depended on the seasonal employment of migrant workers from Mexico to meet the labor demand. Programs have been created in the past granting work contracts for the flood of Mexican labor into the United States, and new work programs are being analyzed to suffice the needs of
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4. Mexicans entering under the agreement would not be employed either to displace domestic workers or to reduce their wages. (Garcia).

The U.S.- Mexico Bracero program was originated in Stockton, Ca., on August 4, 1942. The immigrant workers also faced harsh conditions, most of the work that was left for the immigrants was work that no one else was willing to do. Summarized best, “During the United States– Mexico Bracero Program, 1942-1964, U.S. agribusiness employed a coercive factory regime, introduced mechanization and increased work hazards, and employed a dual wage structure to keep Mexican contract workers at a serious disadvantage to advance their own collective well–being”(Mize). Although the immigrant workers faced harsh working conditions, the Bracero program stimulated economic growth in the western farming industry, and was deemed a success for the American agriculture business.

The Mexican-American border did not close after the closure of the Bracero program in 1964. Undocumented immigration was still a useful tool for the agricultural business. Until a speech by President Ronald Reagan in 1985, when Regan claimed that the United States had “lost control” of the immigration of Mexican workers into the United States. With these words president Reagan turned, “...undocumented immigration from a useful political issue(which it had always been) into a more fundamental question of national security”(Durand). Mexican immigration, once considered a
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