Impact Of Autism And Anxiety On Children And Adolescents

1349 WordsNov 26, 20146 Pages
Impact of Autism and Anxiety on Children and Adolescents One regarded as rare, autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) – which includes autistic disorder, Asperger’s disorder, and pervasive developmental disorder-not otherwise specified (PDD-NOS), have received a great deal of professional and scientific attention (White, Oswald, Ollendick, & Scahill, 2009). ASDs are characterized by impairment in social communication as well as the presence of repetitive behaviors and restricted interests (American Psychiatric Association, 2013). Up to one-half of the individuals with autism are functionally nonverbal and individuals with autism who have adequate language have a variety of other types of communication impairment (Leyfer et al., 2006). Thus, creating a barrier between youth identified with ASD and their peers in terms of the necessary skills in developing relationships in the school setting. It can be difficult to diagnose autism spectrum disorders, for no medical test, such as a blood test, that can detect and diagnose these disorders currently exists. Instead, we are to look at the child’s behavior and development to make a diagnosis. Interestingly, over the last two decades a significant increase has been demonstrated regarding the number of children diagnosed with autism, with no sign of approaching a steady rate (Hertz-Picciotto and Delwiche, 2009; Rice et al., 2010). According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention [CDC] (2014), one in 68 children and one
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