Impact Of Biodiversity On The Environment

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Background Vast biodiversity is the key feature that makes Earth unique in comparison to other planets. Not only are there 7 billion people inhabiting the Earth, so are 9 million different types of plants, animals, protists and fungi. It was recognized in the 1980’s that species were being lost at rapid rates from ecosystems. It is known that all organisms play important roles within their ecosystems being that organisms interact with their ecosystem through feedback mechanisms (Cardinale, B. J., et al., 2012). If biodiversity is diminishing then food webs and ecosystems will also be disrupted. In humanity, Health cannot be sustained without a viable environment (Yassi, A., 2001).
The primary cause of biodiversity loss is human activity. Any type of anthropogenic action done in the environment will undoubtedly indirectly affect human health (Yassi, A., 2001). Modernization is affecting the environment because it is reducing the amount of natural habitats that a lot of organisms need to sustain and survive. Factors such as global warming, which is also accelerating due to human activity, is altering temperatures which is also creating harsher environments for some organisms to survive. Air pollution and water pollution are also factors that are affecting biodiversity, which in turn is reducing our ability to take advantage of ecosystem services that humanity requires. There are many symbiotic relationships that occur in all ecosystems. If one aspect of an ecosystem
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