Impact Of Ecological Modernization On South Africa And The Uk

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Ecological modernisation has not only found application around the world in empirical studies and theoretical debates but politicians also are using it to shape environmental reform programs in both developed and developing countries (Mol et al., 2010). It is a ‘green’ ideology that accounts for changes in national and regional environmental policies and regulation. Therefore, this essay seeks to compare changes in national environmental policies and regulation in South Africa and the UK following the influence of ecological modernization. Focussing on how the ideas of economic growth-environmental protection coexistence and market-based environmental policy instruments have found overwhelming acceptance in the UK and South
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According Mol and others (2010), since the beginning of contemporary environmentalism around the 1960 sand 1970s (and with the Report to the Club of Rome, the Blueprint for Survival and the inception of several new environmental NGO), we can deduce three landmark events that have catalysed innovation in and reform of environmental policies, practices and awareness. Attracting global environmental attention, these three events are crucial to understanding the genesis and development of the ideas of ecological modernization and how these ideas have influenced change in environmental policies and regulation in both the global North and global south since the 1980s.

The first event is the publication of the Brundtland Report in 1987, which is commonly known as Our Common Future. Through this Report, the World Commission on Environment and Development (WCED) made a decisive statement in support of sustainable development (WCSD 1987). The Brundtland Report is considered to be central to ecological modernization such that Mol and others (2010) argue that ecological modernization theory can be understood as the social scientific elaboration and formalisation of the undergirding philosophy pertaining to environmental reform enunciated in Our Common Future. Among other things, the Brundtland Report aimed to overcome the North-South divide on questions
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