As Martin Luther King had said, ‘It really boils down to this: that all life is interrelated’1. Globalisation is a term that can be defined in various ways. It is a complex process that does not have a clear beginning or end, rather it is something that has developed, strengthened and deepened over time. Globalisation is a process of integration, interconnection and exchange between peoples from different parts of the world. It is the connection and expansion of international, cultural, economic and political activities. Globalisation is a concept that transforms the various relationships across and between countries, regions and continents. Having a long history within the world, globalisation and the interconnection process can be divided into three main periods including archaic globalisation, proto-globalisation and modern globalisation. So, was there globalisation before the 1600s? This paper aims to explore the concept and context of globalisation along with some of its historical roots prior to the 1600s in order to provide a definitive answer.
Ghemawat (2007) detailed that globalisation is more than just a powerful economic and political transformation it bound people, countries and market closer. It is a growing network of different companies, groups, and individual. Globalisation has shrunk the world from size small to size tiny and flattened the world.
Globalization is defined as the development of social and economic relationships stretching worldwide. In current times, we are all influenced by organizations and social networks located thousands of miles away. A key part of the study of globalization is the emergence of a world system- for some purposes; we need to regard the world as forming a single social order. (Introduction to Sociology, Giddens, Anthony, Duneier, Mitchell, Applebaum, Richard, Carr, Deborah, 9th Edition).
Globalisation is a complex and multifaceted set of processes having diverse and widespread impacts on human societies worldwide. Despite widespread interest in its emergence and impact there is only a limited consensus in the literature on what precisely globalisation actually is (Saker et al. 2004). Reviews of existing literature has identified some of the key defining features of globalisation. Globalisation can be defined as a set of processes that are: “changing the nature of human interaction across a wide range of spheres including the economic, political, social and technological environment. The process of change
Globalisation is a phenomenon that has been increasingly used in the lexicon since the latter half of the 1980’s, achieving widespread and common currency amongst politicians, political analysts, academics, economists, the media, business, trade and finance. The term has become synonymous with the “global village” concept, where nations and states are drawn closer together; where economic, political and cultural spheres extend across the world’s major regions and continents. A world where development in one part of the globe will impact life in another part of the globe.
Abstract This paper argues that the alleged process of globalisation should be recast as a process of ‘glocalisation’. ‘Glocalisation’ refers to the twin process whereby, ﬁrstly, institutional/regulatory arrangements shift from the national scale both upwards to supra-national or global scales and downwards to the scale of the individual body or to local, urban or regional conﬁgurations and, secondly, economic activities and inter-ﬁrm networks are becoming simultaneously more localised/regionalised and transnational. In particular, attention will be paid to the political and economic dynamics of this geographical rescaling and its
In a globalized society, commodities, ideologies, and hegemonic forces are constantly transferred from a dominating power onto other cultures with lesser global influence. The Disney media conglomerate yields an unprecedented amount of control over the means of media consumption on a global scale. As Souad Belkyr proposes in “Disney animation: Global diffusion and local appropriation of culture,” “Disney products function as an apparatus that potentially prescribe consumerist ideologies and individualistic ethics beneficial to the US as a group in power over dominated and less powerful groups” (Belkyr 705). Disney not only owns major television networks such as ABC and ESPN, but also has control over radio stations, and targets the
Globalization depicts a procedure by which local economies, social orders, and societies have turned out to be coordinated through a worldwide system of correspondence, transportation, and exchange. The term is some of the time used to allude particularly to monetary globalization:
The use and advancement of IT in the field of journalism and media has been grown almost exponentially over the past century. Each major advancement in technology has directly impacted the media industry in profound ways. The world has gone from providing information to towns of a few hundred (after the invention and adoption of the printing press) to now, billions of people all over the globe have access to the same news information thanks to the impact of the internet and social media. Never before has there been such potential to immediately influence such a large audience. There are a multitude of globalization benefits as well as negative impacts to consider. Malcolm X once said:
Globalisation can have a variety of different meanings and one that accurately summarises these is “is the integration of economies, industries, markets, cultures and policy-making around the world” (Financial Times). This integration has been viewed by many as a largely positive thing for humanity as a whole however, others have been critical of globalisation, for example, due to the growth of influence certain parts of the world have over the rest of the world. There are many discussions to be had on this, although it is critical that focus is drawn to how people in various cultures are affected by globalisation.
The term globalisation describes the process of becoming worldwide in scope or application, and the increasing interdependency of nation-sates. At least - that gives us one loose definition for globalisation, but as Scholte (2000) realises, globalisation is a thoroughly contested subject, with arguments extend across the issue of definition as well as measurement, chronology, explanation and normative judgement. In fact, Scholte identifies five contrasting definitions for the word 'globalisation' as used by a number of the subject's commentators and critics - internationalisation, liberalisation, universalisation, western/modernisation and deterrioralisation are (2000: 13).
If we talk about the role of media in globalization process we should firstly say that what the media is. The media is media technologies that are intended to reach a large audience by mass communication. Today the media play a key role in enhancing globalization. And the media also play important role in facilitating culture exchange flows of information between countries. The media spreads through international news broadcasts, new technologies, television programming, film and music. There are a lot of broadcasts of media. Foe example: We can say about internet, TV, radio, newspapers, books, billboards and etc. The media connects the world to a network of information easily accessible for all of us. In this discussion arises a question: Which role has media in globalization process? I think the role of media in globalization process is very important. And my point of view is that the media is a part of the globalization process, it is like “pen” of the globalization process, because media shares everything that the globalization process dictates. The important role in globalization process has Internet, which connects all the countries around the world. Internet is called “world wide web”. So if we say about the globalization process we should remind that the developed countries globalize enough. However, there are some countries which do not globalize enough. For example, states of 3rd world, hungry states and others.
Prior to discussing, evaluating and concluding my answer to this research question, I must define its terms. What is globalisation? What does it mean for a city to be globalised? What features of a city define whether it is globalised or not? Manfred. B Steger, in his book ‘Globalisation - A Very Short Introduction’, describes it as a ‘contested concept’, meaning that it is not simply defined. The word ‘globalisation’ itself is said to have only actually emerged in the 1960s, and so over these fifty years, its meaning has been ever changing and expanding, like geography as a subject itself. Manfred. B Steger simplifies it as ‘movement towards greater interdependence and integration’. Interdependence refers to the interconnections between countries all over the world; and so in an economic sense it is the exchange between the producer and consumer of manufactured goods. Integration is ‘providing equal economic opportunities’ A synonym for integration is in fact ‘homogenisation’, meaning ‘the process of people, products and places becoming the same’. Ih homogenisation is a subset of globalisation, then globalisation could be seen in terms of ‘loss of diversity, identity or the westernisation of society’. A simple Oxford dictionary definition of the noun ‘Globalisation’ is ‘the process by which businesses or other organisations develop international influence or start operating on an international scale.’
Ever since written language became pervasive in human civilization, “literacy” became defined as the ability to interpret a series of squiggles as letters with meaning. Now, as language and modes of communication are evolving, so are the definitions of literacy. Media messages are rapidly assimilating into culture at unprecedented rates, with lasting effects. The makes it just as necessary for people to understand how to interpret media messages as it is for them how to know to read printed language (Thoman & Jolls, 2004). While media literacy was initially implemented into American curricula as a way to explain how various forms of media platforms work, the field now hones in focus on understanding media’s potential for
It is without a doubt that the Globalisation of the media has increased our access to information about people and events around the world. However, during the process it has also shifted issues on what should or should not be in the public domain due to media ownership led by Western media corporations. The media shape is reconstructing itself, forming a singular global body playing an essential part in our democracy socially, politically, economically and culturally. Due to this, the effects of globalisation towards Journalism have become very debatable to whether it is benefiting the practice of journalism or hindering it. During the course of this essay, it will explore the affect globalisation has on the media (especially journalism), the affect of media ownership and how new technologies have influenced journalism.