Impact Of John Locke Economic Inequality

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The Second Treatise of Government stipulates John Locke’s claim of what a civil society requires to function. Locke discusses why people leave the state of nature (where they are free, equal and possess natural rights) to form societies: it is convenient. Locke believes everyone is entitled to life, liberty, and property, they are our natural rights. “God, who hath given the world to men in common, hath also given them reason to make use of it to the best advantage of life, and convenience” (18). When everything belongs to everyone resources aren’t benefiting anyone, that is wasteful and unjust, common resources need to be appropriated. Locke’s view of property is: “every man has a property in his own person: this nobody has a right to body himself. The labour of his body, and the work of his hands, we may say, are properly his” (19). Locke goes on to discuss the acquisition of private property through mixing labor with common resources to make said resources yours, this theory of property serves as the bases for Locke’s theory of freedom. “That labour put a distinction between them and common: that added, something to them more than nature, the common mother of all, had done; and so they became his private rights” (19). In this paper I will examine how Locke’s view of freedom and theory of property promote and justify economic inequality.
In the state of nature people are self-sufficient but when there is conflict they are reliant on the wills of others; to become
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