Impact Of The Land Administration Projects

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Changes in Customary Land Administration and Building Synergy in Pluralistic Institutional Environment in Sub-Sahara Africa: Examining the Impact of the Land Administration Projects (LAP) in Ghana
Research Background and Problem
Plurality of institutions is a unique feature of the land administration system in Africa. This system is characterized by the operations of traditional landholding institutions that have been in existence and has been holding land time immemorial on ground of ancestry together with statutory established formal land agencies that is required to complement efforts of the former. Traditional institutions in some countries continue to play key role in the system, despite widespread implementation of the formalization
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It is argued that ‘multiple institutional and legal structures could bring about contradictions and insecurity regarding whose rights count, whose rights will be supported in the event of a contest, and which decision-making structures are paramount resulting in ‘institution shopping’ (Toulmin, 2009). In Ghana, the pluralism systems are poorly articulated and has been the cause of growing contradiction and conflict (Kasanga and Kotey, 2001). This can be substantiated by studies from Yeboah and Shaw (2011) that find the traditional institutions are making makeshift plans in order to sell lands even without the knowledge of the appropriate planning authority. Also, Biitir and Nara (2016) finds that land governance in Ghana is hampered by lack of cooperation and collaboration between these institutions. The state of the pure distinct operations of the customary and statutory land tenure institutions therefore denies synergistic effect (Cousin and Hornby, 2005).
In the wake of the aforementioned factors and address resulting problems, previous and present governments of Ghana have made attempts to streamline the system through land policies and projects. The Land Administration Projects (LAP) is currently being implemented (Government of Ghana, 2008). This
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