Impact of E-Commerce on Logistics and Transports

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April 4th 2012 E-Commerce Assignment topic: Impact of E-commerce on transport and logistics Table of content 1. Introduction 3 2. E-commerce and business 4 A. B2C E-commerce 4 B. B2B E-commerce 5 C. Evolution and forecast of E-commerce 5 3. Impacts on the supply chain 6 A. Problem raised by E-commerce 6 i. Demand 6 ii. Stocks 6 iii. Communication 6 B. Reaction and adaptation of companies 7 i. Information interchange 7 ii. Pure players 7 iii. Click and mortars 8 4. Upstream Logistics 9 A. Order reception and preparation 9 B. Transport and traceability 10 5. Conclusion 11 1. Introduction Since 2000 a lot of factors have changed the face of logistics in companies. Many were forced to change their…show more content…
This allows companies to have a larger choice of products or clients and therefore reduce costs and deadlines. C. Evolution and forecast of E-commerce In Europe the E-commerce growth is forecasted to follow an 11% growth rate. The European E-commerce market, which includes the EU-17 — Austria, Belgium, Switzerland, Germany, Denmark, Spain, Finland, France, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, Sweden, and the UK — will grow at 8% over the six-year forecast period of 2008 to 2014. Business-to-consumer (B2C) and C2C E-Commerce continue their double-digit year-over-year growth rate, in part because sales are shifting away from stores, the number of new online shoppers is rising, and online shoppers are less sensitive to adverse economic conditions than the average European consumer. Europeans will spend an annual average of €942 per person in 2009, and this amount will grow to €1,086 in 2014. 3. Impacts on the supply chain A. Problem raised by E-commerce i. Demand The problem raised by e-commerce is that production is not a mass production that is pushed to the consumer (Push Production) but a production pulled by the demand (Push production). Moreover consumers order on Internet very quickly and expect the same kind of delays for the product to reach them. Companies must then be able to be extremely reactive to this demand, in order not to face situations of lost
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