Essay on Impact of Health Literacy on Health

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Health literacy is defined as "The degree to which individuals have the capacity to obtain, process, and understand basic health information and services needed to make appropriate health decisions" (Michael K. Paasche-Orlow, 2010), the word Health literacy first appeared in 1974 in a paper which calls for “education standards for all grade school levels in USA” (Carolyn Speros, 2004) . Some recent works suggest that there is a relation between literacy, low health and premature deaths (Christina Zarcadoolas et al, 2005).
Awareness on Health literacy
The concept of health literacy was first originated in early years and it was recognised as an autonomous research field in 1990s (Andrew pleasant and Shyama Kuruvilla, 2008). The
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The ratio of people lacking of operational literacy in individual countries of Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development ranges approximately from 7% to 47% (UN Development Program, 2007).
Estimation of Health literacy and its outcome
Health literacy can be estimated through, Rapid Estimate of Adult Literacy in Medicine (REALM) and the Test of Functional Literacy in Adults (TOFHLA). Even so, Andrew pleasant and Shyama Kuruvilla, 2008, argues that none of these make sense of an appropriate measurement of health literacy. The Test of Functional literacy in adults only concentrates on individual capacity to read the medical information on some medical slips and labels. Rather than there are lots of research works done on the topic of health literacy and its approach in public health, which provides best examples along with good information and major skills.
Health Literacy and its impact on individual health
The problems associated with the health literacy have been identified by the researchers in the last ten years. They came to know the role played by it in the medical as well as the individual self care by the comprehension of information related to health and the outcomes related to it (Carolyn Speros, 2004).
The people with poor literacy levels may be prone to have bad health status and show more unhealthy behaviours like excessive alcohol intake and smoking (San Diego, Calif 2004).The People having low health literacy may possess