Impact of OPEC's Oil Pricing on the Petroleum Market

784 Words3 Pages
Energy resources are essential for national security, technological development, overall contemporary life style, etc. In this respect, oil is the main source for worldwide economy. Peak oil would imbalance countries' economical situations and may lead to a chain reaction with negative effects on multiple layers. Evidently, there is mutual interest to prevent such a thing from happening but the possibility is nevertheless considered. OPEC's initial goal to ensure stable prices on petroleum markets in order to avoid any negative fluctuations did not always correspond. The organization actually favored inflation more than in one occasion but its influence in controlling oil prices dropped considerably since 1973. It was proven that, having quadrupled the price of oil, OPEC had in its hands the power to inflict economic hurt on the rich countries. (Beenstock 2007, p. 134) Although OPEC does not completely control the oil market today, it nevertheless continues to be influent because its decisions to reduce production may lead to either a decrease or increase of oil prices. OPEC's existence is dependent on the future of oil. Whether or not oil will dominate as the main energetic source for worldwide economy will decide its future. Considering that OPEC's oil has been a vital source of energy during the last half of century, (Khusanjanova 2011, p. 19) and that oil is expected to play a similar role within the next century, we can assume the organization will at least maintain its
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