Impact of Organizational Structure and Culture on Job Satisfaction, Job Stress and Employee Motivation: a Survey of Existing Litreature
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IMPACT OF ORGANIZATIONAL STRUCTURE AND CULTURE ON JOB SATISFACTION, JOB STRESS AND EMPLOYEE MOTIVATION: A SURVEY OF EXISTING LITREATURE
Effectively managing human resources in the organizations is a big concern both for HR managers and the policy makers of the organization. To have a satisfied, motivated, less stressed performing workforce an organization must have consistency amongst its structure, system, people, culture and good fit with the strategy. In this paper an attempt has been made to identify the various factors of organizational structure and culture which have positive and negative impact on job satisfaction, job stress and employee motivation through the extensive review of the existing literature. The findings…show more content… Organizations are not buildings or other physical structures; rather, organizations are the people who work together to achieve a set of goals (Koh & Kahn, 1966). These people come with variant motivations, experiences and values and their individual differences tend to direct behavior in numerous divergent directions. To direct behavior toward the accomplishment of a focused mission, the organizations have to develop mechanism, which reduces behavior variability. Organizational structure and organizational culture has been described as the mechanisms to reduce behavior variability (Weber, 1946; Burns & Stalker, 1961; Mintzberg, 1979; Schein, 1985; Weick, 1987; Dension, 1990). However both of them have unique impact on individual behavioral outcomes i.e. satisfaction, stress, motivation, alienation, and performance etc. It is needed to have a deeper understanding of the functional roles of structural and cultural forces in the workplace so as to understand the behavioral outcomes of the individual employees and to reduce the behavioral variability for achieving organizational goals.
For an organization to perform well in a competitive environment there must be internal consistency among the four dimensions of