Imperialism And Colonialism In Joseph Conrad's Heart Of Darkness

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Heart of Darkness is a novel about the complexity of human nature, as well as the relevant matter of imperialism and colonialism, written by Joseph Conrad, one of the most famous novelist in the history of English literature. The novel focuses on Charlie Marlow, a boat caption, and his experience up the Congo river. Throughout the novel, Conrad is critical of European imperialism, and expresses his opinions through symbols and characters. Marlow's story in Heart of Darkness takes place in the Belgian Congo, which is one of the European colonies in Africa that is famous for the greed and brutalization of the native people. The novel reveals the deceptiveness of the entire colonial effort. In Europe, the colonization of Africa was justified because people were told that it would bring wealth to Europe, and it would also civilize and educate the so called "savage" African natives. In the Heart of Darkness, Conrad explores the nature of colonialism, he exploits the horrors of it and is skeptical of the entire process. He uses characters to express his opinions, the main one being Kurtz, who is shady and mysterious. He represents all of Europe, “All Europe contributed to the making of Kurtz” (Page 29). Kurtz himself is a symbol of Western civilization. This quote is important because Kurtz went mad while being in the wilderness of Africa, and since Europe created Kurtz this suggests that all of Europe contributes something to mankind that will eventually make them mad. His
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