Imperialism and Colonialism Essay

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Imperialism Imperialism is the policy or practice of a country extending its control over a foreign country’s land, economic life, or political system. The ruling country usually does this through conquest, and the native people of the nation being taken over are often suppressed. If a nation takes over the government of another territory militarily or through political means, then this is called direct imperialism. Indirect imperialism is when a region is self-governing but another country takes over through economic processes.
Colonialism is when a nation extends its authority over another territory by establishing colonies in which the native people are either moved out or ruled over. Some people believe colonialism
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The word colonialism comes from the Latin word colonus, which means “farmer”. When a country has been colonized, usually people from the ruling country are transferred to the new territory being colonized. These people now live permanently in the colonized country, but they maintain a political allegiance to their home country. The word imperialism comes from the Latin word imperium, which means “to command”. In imperialism, one country expands its authority over another, but it can exist without actually creating formal colonies. Using colonialism is an imperialistic act. However, imperialistic acts do not necessarily have to be colonial. Forming colonies would require military force, but you don’t have to use military force to have imperialism. Another difference would be that in imperialism there aren’t always sharp distinctions between those who are ruling and those being ruled, while in colonialism there are.
Two Examples Colonialism has been going on for a very long time. The ancient Greeks, Romans, Moors, and Ottomans are just some examples of countries that have colonized. A more famous example of colonialism is the European colonization of the Americas. The first people who reached the Americas were actually the Vikings. They started to colonize, but then stopped. Later on, there were explorers from European countries that began to make journeys to America. Some of these explorers include Christopher Columbus (from
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