Imperialism in Africa Essay

620 Words Aug 31st, 2014 3 Pages
Melissa B5

Imperialism in Africa
In the late 1800’s Europeans took over Africa, took their resources,enslaving the Africans, and changed the course of history. The Europeans took over Africa, which is called The Scramble For Africa, in 1884-1914. The Europeans took over because Africa was rich in raw materials, they wanted power, and they thought their culture was superior. The driving force behind imperialism was need for resources, political competition, and technological advances. One driving force behind imperialism was need for natural resources. Document E uses a bar graph to show imports and exports in 1854, and 1900 between Great Britain and South Saharan Africa. Great Britain made 3 million British pounds in 1854, and 21
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Document A can be used to explain a driving force behind European imperialism in Africa because it shows where and what the Europeans were competing for. The final driving force behind imperialism was technological advances. Document C is a chart that shows when the technological development was invented and what the use and significance was for each invention. Most of the technology in the chart was invented in the 19th centry. One of the inventions which was the method of getting quinine from cinchona tree bark cured a tropical diesease called Malaria, and the repeating rifle gave European armies an advantage over African armies. The most important invention was the method of getting quinine because it saved lives by treating people before they died of sickness. Document C could be used to explain the primary cause of European imperialism in Africa because they needed resources to advance their technology so they could take over Africa.Technological factors were not more of a primary cause of European imperialism in Africa than political reasons or nation pride because they believed the Africans were uncivilized and it was their duty and right to take over. The Europeans wanted to take over the world because they believed it was their right and they were helping everything to become better. Therefore the driving force behind imperialism was need for resources, political competition, and technological
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