Imperitionism And Religions In The Second Great Awakening

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The Second Great Awakening was seen as Jesus’ second coming. Individuals saw this as a time for repentance and revival for those who had wanted it. Since industrialization had introduced individuals to activities they thought separated them away from God, they wanted to change themselves and come back to Him again. Even though it disturbed many other religions and their customs, it encouraged moral and social order within the people. During the Second Great Awakening, religious values promoting perfectionism and equality led to broader reform movements in education, abolitionism, and feminism.

The Burnt Over District was influenced by evangelical Protestantism which had focused on the need for emotional conversion experiences. Their idea of sin was that it was a voluntary thing. After attending meetings, people would feel lighter as if all their sins were gone. Charles G. Finney knew what the people wanted to hear and that is exactly what he told them; that they could change destiny with their own hands. Women outnumbered men by twice as much and played an active role in the revivals. Another religious group known as the Shakers strived to achieve religious perfection. Their motto was “hands to work, and hearts to God” (Boyer 10-3.5). Shakers practiced celibacy and would discourage contact between opposite sexes. Converts had a major responsibility to their religion which was to seek social and moral reform. Another big religion was Mormonism which had put America at the

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