Implication of Schizotypy as a Personality Trait Essay

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Implication of Schizotypy as a Personality Trait

Gruzelier (1996) suggest that “schizotypy consists mainly of impulsive non-conformity, social anxiety, positive features such as unusual perceptions, and negative features such as introversions.” (Cited in Miller P, et al. 2002, p.179).

In this essay one would like to explore the definition given to ‘schizotypy’ and to give a brief discussion on this concept and whether schizotypy is a single trait or whether there are more factors to be considered, for it was conceptualized by Eysenck as a single personality trait named psychoticism, however it was Claridge's work that suggested that this personality trait was much more complex, and that such
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146). It was also suggested by Cooper that the concept of schizotypy, therefore, is said to have much in common with Eysenck’s idea of psychoticism. (Psychoticism is one of the three traits used by the psychologist Hans Eysenck in his P-E-N model (psychoticism, extraversion and neuroticism) model of personality. (en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Category:Mental_illness_diagnosis_by_DSM_and_ISCDRHP - 20k ) Both these traits are thought to predict the risk of developing schizophrenia, but researchers such as Claridge have tried to predetermine all the main symptoms of schizophrenia from the clinical to the non-clinical population. It was said that Eysenck focused more on impulsive, sensation seeking, cruel and solitary behaviors, who only mildly referred to the perceptual distortions or cognitive and attention problems. Therefore he concluded that even if the traits have some similarities, they are unlikely to be identical. (Cooper, 2002, pp. 146-7).

To determine whether schizotypy is a single trait can be complicated in the fact that if a personality disorder description should include, at minimum, criteria relevant

To a person’s characteristic patterns e.g. 1) thought, 2) affectivity,

3) motivation, and 4) behavior, the question that arisen to Westen, D., and Shedler, J. when researching the classification of personality disorders, is “how to develop a classification system for…