Implication of Schizotypy as a Personality Trait Essay

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Implication of Schizotypy as a Personality Trait

Gruzelier (1996) suggest that “schizotypy consists mainly of impulsive
non-conformity, social anxiety, positive features such as unusual
perceptions, and negative features such as introversions.” (Cited in
Miller P, et al. 2002, p.179).

In this essay one would like to explore the definition given to
‘schizotypy’ and to give a brief discussion on this concept and
whether schizotypy is a single trait or whether there are more factors
to be considered, for it was conceptualized by Eysenck as a single
personality trait named psychoticism, however it was Claridge's work
that suggested that this personality trait was much more complex, and
that such
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146). It was also
suggested by Cooper that the concept of schizotypy, therefore, is said
to have much in common with Eysenck’s idea of psychoticism. (Psychoticism
is one of the three traits used by the psychologist Hans Eysenck in
his P-E-N model (psychoticism, extraversion and neuroticism) model of
personality.
(en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Category:Mental_illness_diagnosis_by_DSM_and_ISCDRHP
- 20k ) Both these traits are thought to predict the risk of
developing schizophrenia, but researchers such as Claridge have tried
to predetermine all the main symptoms of schizophrenia from the
clinical to the non-clinical population. It was said that Eysenck
focused more on impulsive, sensation seeking, cruel and solitary
behaviors, who only mildly referred to the perceptual distortions or
cognitive and attention problems. Therefore he concluded that even if
the traits have some similarities, they are unlikely to be identical.
(Cooper, 2002, pp. 146-7).

To determine whether schizotypy is a single trait can be complicated
in the fact that if a personality disorder description should include,
at minimum, criteria relevant

To a person’s characteristic patterns e.g. 1) thought, 2) affectivity,

3) motivation, and 4) behavior, the question that arisen to Westen,
D., and Shedler, J. when researching the classification of personality
disorders, is “how to develop a classification system for…