Importance Of Cultural Competence In Health Care

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In health care, cultural competence is one of the most critical considerations in caring for patients. Cultural competence is described as a set of congruent behaviors, attitudes, and policies that come together in a system, agency or among professionals and enable that system, organization or those professions to work efficiently in cross-cultural situations (Cross et al., 1989). Understanding different cultures will raise awareness of patient's identity, health, behavior, and cultural sensitivity. Even though there are many types of cultures knowing it could be beneficial for client's care and could result in a better outcome. Each culture has its own uniqueness; however, they all have a tremendous impact on how ones behave, think, communicate, value, and how the person perceives the world around them. Nurses will need to be conscious about patient's cultural diversity and modified their care, assessment, or treatment according to what is appropriate for the patients. America is considered to be a melting pot, where many cultures come together. According to Asian Matters for America Matters for Asia, the Asian population has increased by 46% over the past decade (East-West Center, 2013). The growing population of Asian effected not only the economy, but it also influences health care.
There are many cultural considerations for Asian patients who go to the hospital or clinic to seek care. Using the Purnell's model can be helpful in learning about the new culture. The
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