Importance Of Surveillance And The Eu

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In the late 18th century, Jeremy Bentham designed the panopticon – a prison system which was designed in a manner that the jailer or guard can view all the inmates in their cells without being seen himself. Ideally, inmates were given the psychological impression that they were watched at all times from the inspection house situated at the center of the prison. In the late 20th century, Michel Foucault elaborate on this idea, with the advancement in technology which informs how the state seeks to provide `security’ to its citizens through surveillance. More recently, with the formation of various intercontinental and transnational organizations, the world has now witnessed the rise of the surveillance as accompanied by globalization. This paper describes the rise of the surveillant state in the era of globalization and its implications for individual and collective human right and freedoms, with particular reference to Western societies. SURVEILLANCE AND THE EU The surveillant state is a state which legally surveils all actions, locations and friends of its citizens with the aim of preventing crime or solving crime faster. Today, the subject matter surveillance has transcended the state and become a globally recognized phenomenon, even in Europe. The 1985 meeting in the town of Schengen, Luxembourg, involving France, West Germany and the Benelux countries led to the Schengen agreement. The purpose of the Schengen agreement was to establish a free zone of travel between the
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