Importance Of Uniform Civil Code

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Article 44 of the Indian Constitution expects from the State to codify and implement a Uniform
Civil Code for all citizens of India. As it is a directive principle the Indian State should endeavor to codify and enforce it. Article 44 of the Indian Constitution provides “The State shall endeavor to secure for the citizens a uniform civil code throughout the territory of India”. 1 There is a separate
Civil Code for various religious affiliations in India but a Uniform Criminal Code exists2. The
Criminal law imposes same rights, duties and liabilities on all citizens without considering their religious affiliation. However in the case of civil matter more specifically in cases of personal matters (marriage, divorce, maintenance, inheritance etc.) there is no uniformity in law.
The law pertaining to marriage, divorce, guardianship, succession and maintenance governing the
Christians, Hindus and Muslim etc., are dissimilar and varies from one religion to other and managed by their separate personal laws like the Hindu Marriage Act; the Hindu Adoption and
Maintenance Act; the Hindu Minority and Guardian ship Act; the Hindu Succession Act; governing the personal matters of Hindus. The Shariat Act, The Dissolution of Muslim Marriage Act and the
Muslim Women (protection of Rights on Divorce) Act etc., which are based on the tenets of Holy
Quran, govern the personal matters of Muslims. A uniform civil code will help India in national and to some extent in religious unification. It is
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