Without taking to account the loyalty people have for their various tribes and ethnic groups, attempts to combine tribes failed and further heightening tribal tensions and conflicts ("Ethnicity and Tribalism in Africa: The Truth", 2014). Instead of working towards transitioning from the unfavorable hierarchy it so long endured, the African “bourgeoisie” inherited the practices of exploitation from its European colonizers ("Tribalism, Colonialism and Capitalism", 2014). Like the Europeans, Africans wanted to make economic gains in the expense of the working people. Therefore, today we see African politics made up of unequal advantages stemming from tribalism and ethnic discrimination ("Tribalism, Colonialism and Capitalism", 2014).
The Maasai are pastoralists who lead a semi-nomadic lifestyle. For them, the land is sacred and has many uses, for example, as providing cattle with food and water and well as resources for medicines. Maintaining a traditional pastoral lifestyle has become increasingly difficult due to outside influences of the modern world. Policies, development projects and the rapid growth in tourism have all affected their traditional ways of life negatively. Their mobility was drastically reduced, so finding better pastures and water points for cattle has become impossible. This loss of mobility has lead to a rapid increase in poverty, malnutrition and conflict over access to diminishing resources. Many of the Maasai have had to adopt modern ways of life to survive, while trying to hang onto their traditional ways in order to achieve some sort of balance between the two.
Even though African societies existed in a peaceful and prosperous state before colonialism the slow interactions than in turn intersected regional and cultural diversity. In a few cases, indigenous communities had in fact been better off before colonialism. It is important to understand the issues that are represented in African history because of the effects it has globally. The power surge of colonialism changed the lives of billions who were affected by its brute force. Even so the perception of Africa is an indigenous society, even till this day it has casted a shadow on its realities.
Imagine a world with barren trees in overgrown fields. The only sound to be heard is the wind blowing through the tall grass. A world once full of life now lays empty do to extinction. This is the result of a world that failed to understand the importance of wildlife conservation. Why is wildlife so important? What steps need to be taken to preserve wildlife? How can one become involved in wildlife conservation? These are all important questions that need to be explored in order to help maintain the delicate ecosystem on Earth. Wildlife plays a vital role in this fragile ecosystem and without wildlife the human race would not survive.
In the 1960s, there was a dramatic increase in the interest in conservation in India, driven especially by non-governmental Indian and US ecologists. The Bombay Natural History Society (BNHS) helped to set up an Indian branch of the World Wildlife Fund (WWF) in the late 1960s. Along with the Smithsonian Institute and other US ecologists, the BNHS also helped to organise the 1969 International Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN) conference held in New Delhi. In the 1970s, the Indian government took over almost all responsibility for conservation from international organisations and scientists. At this point, the Indian Forest Service and all wildlife concerns were dealt with in the Ministry of Agriculture. In 1972, the Wildlife Protection Act was passed. This act included a list of endangered and threatened Indian flora and fauna, and laid out the criteria for creating and managing protected areas (like national parks and wildlife sanctuaries). It tasked the Indian Forest Service (IFS) with the running of protected areas and with wildlife conservation. It is also very much involved with lumber extraction contracts and controls the use of and access to minor forest products of importance to tribal or poor populations. The IFS is basically a combination of what would be the Forestry Service, the Fish and Wildlife Service, the Bureau of Land Management, the National Park Service and individual states’ department of natural resources in the United States (Lewis, 2005) .
Conservation efforts have been seen by many people as a blockade to the human agenda of technological expansion and population growth. Conserving biodiversity and ecosystems may only be acknowledged once the benefits to humans are outlined and are usually seen as a win-win situation. However, the concern isn’t enough to bring the whole population’s attention to the problem of biodiversity loss. Additionally, many countries don’t have the resources or the money to invest in conservation efforts, which is why countries that can implement conservation policy should. Conservation should be helpful to everyone, ecosystems and organisms included. Chan et al. (2007) discusses ecosystem services, the problem with win-win situations, and cost-benefit analyses.
Colonization is when a country moves from its shores to set up settlements in areas already inhabited by a certain group of people and where resistance is of least concern in terms of war. This paper will first discus the colonization of Africa as well as how and why the Europeans came to Africa. It will then look at common problems that occurred due to the colonization and will specifically look into the colonization of Kenya under British rule and its outcomes that made the country worse. Even though colonization in some cases had positive impacts, such as the creation of infrastructure, it was more of a negative impact on African countries, such as Kenya, because of loss of sovereignty and culture, exploitation of resources and rights. It is also important to consider that despite the positive impacts such as better infrastructure, it was meant to benefit the European powers as opposed to helping the native peoples in the regions.
This essay analyses the effect of colonialism in Kenya. It explains the depth of colonialism within Kenya’s context and analyses the impact of colonial conquest, the imposition of international and local administrative boundaries. It also examined further the lasting consequences of colonial economic and social policies concerning colonialism in Kenya. This essay gives more explanation that has to do with British colonialism in Kenya.
Animals are put in captivity for animal conservation, and to educate the public about how important it is to keep these animals alive. It is often argued that zoos are a bad place to put animals, but studies have shown how endangered animals are better off in a zoo environment. Animals that go extinct in the wild around the world are shown to have a successful life in zoos. Even though some zoos have a bad reputation, they are actually really beneficial for wildlife conservation. The purpose of a zoo is to conserve animal life, but instead, zoos are being used for people’s entertainment rather than educational purposes (Keulartz 2015). Zoos protect animal species, especially endangered animals, from other harmful and poisonous species. Zoos are full of reptiles, amphibians, mammals, etc. Zoos also give people a chance to see animals they might not ever get to see out in the wild. Zookeepers have to go through a specific learning process on how to treat the animals correctly, and how to care for them.
In “Lost in the Wild”, Goodall tells us about her love for the animals, as well as her concern for their future. Through introduction, she discusses that many of the species had and would still be endangered or extinct due to the negligence of human beings. Goodall concerns, “Will a nature-loving child born seventy-five years from now long to see a live elephant as I longed to see a woolly mammoth?”. However, she also mentioned that “sometimes heroic efforts are being made to save and conserve threatened and endangered species.” She ends her introduction by points out the highlight of the stories she is about to recount next. The stories show problems and difficulties people faces as they work on the conservation of wildlife. One of the wildlife animals being discusses is the California condors. Goodall starts the story with a humorous description about the condors; she describes the redness of condors ' bare head and their strong wings. She continued by informs the readers about the decline of California condors and how it raised a controversial between the biologists and the “protectionist” regarding the issue of captive breeding. As the possibility of condors surviving in the wild decreases, the argument finally comes to an end when the “last wild Condors [are] taken into captivity” and “officially extinct in the wild”. Nevertheless, there are many problems occurred during the captive breeding, mostly the concerning the reproduction of the condors. The factors determined
Endangered animals are a species with less than 2500 of that specific kind remaining and if their population is expected to drop by 50 percent within 10 years (c 15). In other cases some animals are naturally rare(c 8). Until the mid-20th century, these animals weren’t paid too much attention, until the study of environmental science and ecology took off. At this time conservation groups started coming up because they noticed these animals were becoming an immediate threat. Unfortunately these organizations could not do much only campaign against direct killing(c 10). The extinction of these animals is led by many factors, some of which these conservation groups had no control over such as natural extinction, which is
To encourage and assist all people of Zimbabwe to understand the importance of wildlife and the environment and to conserve Zimbabwe’s natural resources for the well being of current and future generations and to ensure that the utilization of these natural resources is fair and sustainable. But Zimbabwe is confronted by critical environmental and ecological problems. This has resulted in environmental degradation, declining population of endangered species, destruction of indigenous forest and wildlife habitats, soil erosion, pollution in all its forms, and ruthless exploitation of our natural resources for short-term profit.
Wildlife Conservation is a suite of adaptive wildlife management processes to restore or maintain indigenous wildlife species in diverse landscapes and habitats for the benefit of people (IUCN,2015).Wildlife conservation can be
According to Nelson and Agrawal , most scholars and CBNRM practitioners reveal that the approach has not fully achieved its objectives. For instance, in Zambia, CBNRM programmes have been affected by poor governance in the local community institutions [15,17]. In Botswana, Nelson and Agrawal , assert the lack of political will to manage wildlife using CBNRM model as one of the challenges. Additionally, some models such as CAMPFIRE have been criticised as meeting only conservation objectives at the expense of