Importance of Flu Prevention in Children Essay

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Importance of Flu Prevention in Children Influenza or more commonly known as flu is a contagious illness wherein a viral infection attacks the respiratory system. This is said to be more dangerous than the common cold, especially for children since it may cause severe flu complications that can even cause death. Every year an average of 20,000 children 5 years old and younger have been hospitalized due to influenza, as stated by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention or CDC. Flu symptoms can be severe and prolonged, which includes fever, headache, sore throat, cough, and stuffy or runny nose. It can also worsen chronic medical conditions such as asthma, diabetes and heart disease. The most important step in protecting your kids…show more content…
Flu vaccine The seasonal flu vaccine can greatly help in protecting your child against flu viruses. Though, it isn’t 100% effective, it can help in keeping the symptoms milder and shorten the illness if they do get sick. As stated by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention or CDC, flu vaccines are only 62% effective in cold and flu prevention. The traditional flu vaccine (trivalent) helps to lower their risk against three flu viruses, which includes 2 types of influenza A virus (H1N1 and H3N2) and one influenza B virus. There is another flu vaccine (quadrivalent) that can protect against 4 strains of influenza virus (2 influenza A and 2 influenza B viruses). Both can be administered as a vaccine or a nasal spray. Children that are 6 months old up to 8 years of age needs to two doses of influenza vaccine. The first shot primes the immune system while the 2nd shot is the one that will provide immune protection. For those that were given only one flu shot, they may have limited protection or no protection at all against influenza virus. Who should be immunized? CDC recommends that everyone from 6 months of age and older should get their seasonal flu shot. For children in particular, here are several groups that are more prone to influenza virus, making it necessary for them to be immunized: Children 5 years and younger - It has been recorded that those that within this age
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