Importance of West Point During the American Rev Essay

2246 Words Feb 7th, 2011 9 Pages
Revolutionary War Project: West Point General George Washington, one of the Founding Fathers of the United States of America, the Continental Army commander, and later the first president of the United States of America during the American Revolution declared West Point, as “the most important military position in America”[i]. West Point is located in New York, along the Hudson River and 50miles from New York City. West Point was a very strategic point during the American Revolution, due to its location near the Hudson River and its geographical conditions for its defense, which therefore was caused the Continental Army to fortify its defense there. Thus afterwards a military academy was founded at West Point, in which played …show more content…
Another important factor, West Point had was, it was right by the Hudson River’s S-Curve or as Boynton quotes, “The peculiar bend, or turn of the river, forming almost a re-entering angle”.[vii] The S-curve had a very sharp curve, in which would force any ships at the time to slow down in order to maneuver through it. West Point having the high grounds on both sides of the Hudson River allowed the Continental Army as quoted “position four artillery batteries along the bank in just the right positions to engage enemy ships as they slowed to maneuver through the river’s tight bends”.[viii] Having the high mountains also prevented the British army from coming up from New York, furthermore making West Point much easier to defend with a fewer number of soldiers. The man to oversee and build this defense was Officer Thaddeus Kosciuszko. Thaddeus Kosciuszko was a Polish engineer, who was the mastermind behind West Point’s defense fortification. Thomas Jefferson quotes Kosciuszko as ‘he is as pure a son of liberty as I have ever known.”[ix] Kosciuszko not only positioned the batteries at West Point, but furthermore created the “Great Chain” defense. Kosciuszko furthermore took the advantage of the S-curve on the Hudson by having a chain going across between West Point and Constitution Island. Constitution Island was the position, in which the artillery batteries were placed. The chain was put across the river with booms of logs
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