Imprisonment is More Effective than Rehabilitation

1136 WordsJun 25, 20185 Pages
Two of the United States correctional system functions are punishment and rehabilitation. Black's Law Dictionary describes punishment as: "Any pain, penalty, suffering, or confinement inflicted upon a person by the authority of the law and the judgment and sentencing of a court, for some crime or offense committed by him, or for his omission of a duty enjoyed by law". In recent years we have all but eliminated the pain and suffering found in this definition. We have now come to think of punishment as the penalty and confinement one suffers for committing a crime. They define rehabilitation as: "Restore something to its normal or near normal capabilities after a disabling event occurs". In this context, the person we are trying to…show more content…
The debate of rehabilitating offenders in the correction system has gone on for some time. In a 2009 paper titled Offender Rehabilitation: Theory, Research and Practice, Authors Gwen Robinson and Lain Crow suggest the treatment of rehabilitating prisoners takes on three forms. 1) The mentally disordered need special places and provisions to complete rehabilitation, such as hospitals. 2) Specific issue offenders; such as anger management, sex offenders, and drug addictions, usually attend workshop and cognitive skill trainings. 3) Programs in education, work preparation, and social skills help prepare them for their release (pg.37). The goal of rehabilitation is to have the offender return to a productive place in society. They conclude by stating " We do not believe that there are any ‘magic bullets’ in offender rehabilitation, and this conclusion is supported by decades of research" (pg.163). As mentioned earlier, rehabilitation programs have to be catered to each individuals needs. These programs would have to span a wide range of topics to facilitate the demand. A list of these programs would have to include: Substance abuse, anger management, religious studies, relationship counseling, and educational programs such as GED and vocational training. These all have been tried in the past with varied results. In fact Schmalleger wrote " In the late 1970s, the rehabilitative goal in sentencing fell victim to the
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