Improving Older Adults ' Memory Performance Using Prior Task Success

821 WordsApr 17, 20174 Pages
The article that I will be reviewing for the third discussion day is titled, “Improving Older Adults’ Memory Performance Using Prior Task Success.” This research was completed by Lisa Geraci and Tyler M. Miller, two researchers from Texas A&M University. In order to better understand their work, it will be benefical to look at some of the background information on the topic. When it comes to older adults, one of the aspects that can affect memory is stereotypes. In their work, the researchers provided a thorough review of this phenomenon, which was labeled as stereotype threat effect. On a whole, this is when knowledge of a stereotype influences behavior. For example, experimentally activating negative stereotypes of aging can cause…show more content…
For the task success condition, participants were given a package containing 30 sets of five scrambled words. Next, they were instructed to arrange the word to rearrange the words to form a grammatically correct four-word sentence. Participants in this condition had an unlimited amount of time to complete the task. In contrast, the task failure condition had 10 seconds to complete the task. This was half the time that it took participants in the task success condition to arrange a sentence. Moreover, the control group did not receive this task to complete. After this task, all participants completed a memory experiment. For the experiment, the participants were given a list of 30 words. They had 2 minutes to evaluate this list after which they had to write down as many words as they could remember. For the results, the researchers found that there was a statistically significant difference between the groups. Specifically, older adults in the task success group had better recall than the control and task failure groups. Additionally, the older adults who experienced prior task failure did not have worse memory recall than the control group. Although these results posed true for the older adults, they did not extend to the younger adults. In regards to these results, the researchers theorized a couple potential reasons why these relationships exist. First, they reasoned that

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