In Ancient Egypt, stelas are either stone or wooden slabs used as a means of presenting a monument,
2100 WordsApr 23, 20199 Pages
In Ancient Egypt, stelas are either stone or wooden slabs used as a means of presenting a monument, usually for funerary purposes. They were also used as markers between territories. Stelas usually feature some sort of decoration and are carved in relief, either raised or sunken. Paint also was incorporated in some of these stelas and often featured hieroglyphics detailing the scene. In Egypt these stelas were primarily used as funerary ornaments, very much resembling tombstones. Looking from the first dynasty on, stelas changed throughout the dynasties in Egypt including their shapes, kind of decorations, and their inscriptions. Initially used as tombstones, these stelas were placed outside of the tombs to name the tomb owner and acted…show more content…
Historians suggest that these stelas might have been placed on the outside of funerary complex while others suggest that they may have been used to roof the structure. Although many theories exist, it is pretty much commonly agreed that these stelas did not exist within the tombs’ walls during this time. Abydos becomes an important location during Ancient Egyptian history. The end of the Old Kingdom saw the city of Abydos as the center for Osiris. We see Abydos becoming the destination for pilgrimages and the site for annual festivities.
Looking specifically at the stelas at Abydos we see that they are smaller in size and lack the artistic preciseness we see in later funerary complexes. The stelas at Abydos were set up in pairs though and do not feature the rounded top that we identify with the first and second dynasties. These stelas depict the tomb owner and are inscribed with their title and name. Looking at the funerary stela located in the Metropolitan Museum of art dated between the first and fourth century is composed of limestone and found at Abydos. Anubis is depicted as she “presents the deceased to the enthroned Osiris” (MET). Also depicted is the mourning goddesses Isis and Nephthys, both very crudely executed and are merely silhouetted forms with oversized heads. This exaggeration of form is suggested to represent the impact of the subject