In Making The Case For Securitisation, Scholars Establish

1351 WordsMay 15, 20176 Pages
In making the case for securitisation, scholars establish the substantial security risks of an outbreak which makes a security-based approach more appropriate, and highlight the substantial amount of resources and awareness that flows from, and is justified by, the securitisation process. On the first contention, It is argued that national borders are weakened by globalisation, allowing infectious diseases to spread at an alarming rate around the world, as demonstrated by the 2003 SARS pandemic. This allows diseases to have the capacity to detrimentally affect the stability and survival of virtually any country or region, and the effects of such instability detrimentally affect the security of many other states. Additionally, with the…show more content…
Specifically, the resources attributed to healthcare and infectious disease control, particularly in developing countries is limited, and as a result this could make a healthcare-based response illequipped to handle the substantial scope of an outbreak, allowing the disease and its security consequences to spread. Therefore, NGOs and affected states have a strong interest in declaring an outbreak a security issue as it creates a justification for the channelling of resources, awareness and capacity to tackle the disease that otherwise would not be available under traditional healthcare and humanitarian budgets. A key critique levied against the WHO in its failures in West Africa were linked to the substantial recent reduction in funding. Securitisation not only mobilises state resources, but also raises awareness and investment from the population of the securitising nation, as said by political journalist Barton Gellman in relation to the global AIDs epidemic, “when the rich lose the fear, they are not willing to invest in the problems of the poor”. Thus is arguably in the interests of states, NGOs and the international system as a whole to securitise infectious disease outbreaks, as it addresses appropriately addresses the significant risks created by an outbreak in today’s world, while also mobilising the substantial capacity required to fully and effectively contain an outbreak. The case

More about In Making The Case For Securitisation, Scholars Establish

Open Document