In Order For A Population To Remain Stable, A Country’S

1213 WordsMar 6, 20175 Pages
In order for a population to remain stable, a country’s fertility rate should remain at 2.1 births per woman, but according to The World Bank, in Japan the average rate is 1.41 births per woman leading to a drastic decline in Japan’s population size. The decrease in childbirth can be largely attributed to the strict work ethic Japanese citizens adhere to. A direct effect of Japan’s intensive work force are a large number of individuals without partners known as “parasite singles.” These “parasite singles” are people who reject the idea of marriage and instead live with their parents while in pursuit of education or careers. In the past the women in Japan relied on marriage and were dependent on their husbands to care for them, but as women…show more content…
In order to provide for oneself or a family, citizens must often must work jobs with long hours. Due to the high concentration of people in cities, competition in the workplace can be fierce. Although workers are often provided vacation days, workers feel inclined to utilize the least amount they can manage. The reason many workers tend to rarely use a vacation day is the fear that they will appear less dedicated than co-workers that miss less work days. Justin McCurry states that a dilemma many japanese workers face is deciding whether to “take time off to recharge, or risk inviting criticism for appearing to leave more committed colleagues in the lurch”( McCurry 5). The pressure between workers may also lead to individuals engaging in more overtime in order to compensate for missed days from work. A majority of Japanese citizens work for up to twelve hours in a day which leaves little time outside of the workplace for family interaction. According to Justin McCurry, “Japan’s low birthrate and predictions of rapid population decline are partly blamed on the lack of time couples have to start families”(McCurry 2). With little time to spare, the majority of citizens chose to have either no children or very few. The pressure individuals face from their careers has more impact on female workers regarding having a child. For women in the workforce, becoming a mother can be a risky endeavor as many companies consider women with children
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