In Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements in Environmental Law

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Tubbataha is an important link in the food chain. The reef park, along with the adjacent Jessie Beazley and Cagayancillo, is a major source of coral and fish larvae that are distributed to Sulu Sea, a major breeding area for fishes. The USS Guardian is an Avenger Class Mine Countermeasures Ship, that weighs 1,300 tons and measures 68.3 meters in length. Worth $277 million, the minesweeper is equipped with Precise Integrated Navigation System, a Surface Radar, Mine Hunting Sonar and Gyro Compass—all advanced navigation features needed to locate mines underwater. Ironically, the US Navy initially claimed that their trespass was due to navigational error.
The estimated size of damaged reef area as of February 23 is more than 4,500 sq.m or 0.45 hectare in area, and around 10 meters in depth.

A. Exploring Tubbataha Reefs

“Long reef exposed at low tide” or Tubbataha Reefs Natural Park has an area of 97,030 hectares of Marine Protected Area (MPA) in Palawan,\ which is the westernmost Philippine province. It is located 150 kilometers southeast of Puerto Princesa City, at the core of the Coral Triangle, the global center of marine biodiversity which comprises roughly 10,000 hectares of coral reef.
Tubbataha is composed of two huge coral islands – the north isle and the south isle – and the Jessie Beazley Reef, a smaller coral structure about 20 kilometres north of the isles. The reefs of

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