In Support of the Death Penalty

3813 Words Mar 1st, 2011 16 Pages
In Support of the Death Penalty Introduction From the ethical perspective of philosopher John Rawls who said that justice should be described as“ a fair system of arrangements; one that the parties can agree to without knowing how it will benefit them personally” , the death penalty must be considered just and right as it creates a fair balance between the act that has been committed and the punishment that has been dealt (Williams 78). Rawls supports the idea of an original position from which society chooses principles based on a veil of ignorance, its ideal judicial system developed not from personal tastes and interests, but from a socially moral position. From this perspective, the death …show more content…
According to Wolff, political philosophy is the philosophy of the state. As he discusses the concept of authority, he brings to the forefront that the group of people who hold authority have it because they claim it, they have taken the right to be obeyed, whether by birth, election, or force. Whomever is the authority of a land is so because when the opportunity came to have it, they claimed it (8). In contrast, the right and obligation of a person to autonomy comes into conflict with the concept of authority. Wolff suggests that “the primary obligation of a man is autonomy, the refusal to be ruled” (18), but he also states that a person is responsible for their actions, thus the tension between authority and autonomy must be refined. Where the line is drawn between personal rights to autonomy and the rights of the state to have authority is the ideological basis of the United States, its founders suggesting that the rights of the state does not supersede the individual rights of the person. Therefore, the right to have life comes into conflict with the death penalty as it is put to the question whether or not the state has the right to take life from an individual. This is the debate that rages within the world, and most of the world has acquiesced to the idea that the state has no right to take the inalienable right of life from an individual. Social contract theory, defines the relationship between

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