In This Essay, I Will Compare And Contrast Several Cultural

1888 WordsMar 26, 20178 Pages
In this essay, I will compare and contrast several cultural elements of the countries of Saudi Arabia and Malaysia. The kingdom of Saudi Arabia is located in Asia in the Middle East and is currently ruled by the Al Saud family. Saudi Arabia largely consists of a desert climate with hot days and cool nights, and the majority of its population congregates in Southwest Saudi Arabia in major cities such as Mecca, Medina, Hofuf, Ta’if, Dammam, Riyadh, and Jeddah (House, 2012). The population of Saudi Arabia as per the 2010 Population and Household Census is 26,090,555, with three-fourths of the population being Saudi natives and the rest being immigrants (Abdul Salam et. al., 2014). Malaysia is located in Southeast Asia just north of the…show more content…
A day consists of five daily prayers that coincide with the five pillars of Islam. The prayers are performed at dawn, mid-day, mid-afternoon, sunset, and at night, and those who pray face in the direction of Mecca, the holy city of Islam. The first pillar of Islam is the Testimony of Faith, considered the most important pillar. One must say aloud and with conviction that there is no true god but God, and that Muhammad is the Messenger of God. Saying this testimony of faith aloud is also how one converts to Islam. The second pillar is prayer, in which every Muslim completes five prayers a day. The third pillar is zakat, which is a tax that represents the support of the needy and giving back. The fourth pillar is fasting during the month of Ramadan. Ramadan is the ninth month of the Islamic calendar in which all Muslims fast during daylight hours for the entire month. This is done as a method for spiritual self-purification and an understanding for those who go hungry. The final pillar is the annual pilgrimage known as Hajj. The annual Hajj is performed in the twelfth month of the Islamic calendar and is an obligation for those who are physically and financially able to go at least once in their lifetime (Axelgard, 2001). The two annual festivals of the Muslim calendar are Eid Al-Adha, a celebration with prayers marking the end of the Hajj, and Eid al-Fitr, the feast-day celebrating
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