In What Way the African Americans Shaped the Course and Consequences of the Civil War?

995 WordsDec 25, 20114 Pages
To begin with, immediately after the election and inauguration of Abraham Lincoln, the newly-established Republican Party’s presidential nominee, eleven states of the South seceded from the Union. These events marked the beginning of the Civil War and the war was a result of many political tensions that had emerged between the North and the South in the prior decades, all of which were associated with the institution of slavery installed in the Southern United States. President Lincoln began the Civil War with the South in response to states’ secession from the Union, and therefore, the war was not solely concentrated over the issue of slavery in American society. The North fought to preserve the Union while the Confederacy fought to…show more content…
Additionally, Major Butler realized that these African-American men, women, and children could potentially be helpful in the Union’s war effort (Doc A). The war was between states’ rights and the power of the national government to maintain the Union. For 40 years the questions of states’ rights were deflected by compromises and questions about nullification action by states when they disagreed with the federal government. Finally, it did take a civil war to determine who was right - those of states’ rights or those of federal control. The outcome said that the federal government had the final say. Hundreds of Americans died to settle this argument, but not one of them was a slave Plantation/production resistance given the option, slaves made very clear that they wanted freedom. The vast majority of slaves, however, remained on their plantations in the countryside. Nevertheless, even these slaves in the Southern interior contrived to work considerably less than they had before the war. African Americans bled and struggled for their lives against slaveholding traitors. (Doc B) African Americans escaping from slavery beginning in 1861, and continuing throughout the war, whenever the proximity of Union troops made successful escape likely, slaves abandoned their plantations by the hundreds, even
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