In considering the process of change in the relationship between Ireland and Great Britain between 1801 and 1921, how far can the 1886 Home Rule Bill be seen as a key turning point?

1929 WordsFeb 24, 20148 Pages
In considering the process of change in the relationship between Ireland and Great Britain between 1801 and 1921, how far can the 1886 Home Rule Bill be seen as a key turning point? In 1815 Ireland was part of the union though by 1921 it was partitioned. The years in between saw group and individual efforts in trying to change the relationship between Ireland and Great Britain. Parnell’s campaign for Home Rule is seen as a key turning point that potentially was the most important kick starting change within the union. 1886 was undoubtedly a turning point as it gave hope for ‘both a just and feasible solution to the problem of the Irish government’. In 1886 the Liberal Party Prime Minister of the UK, William Gladstone, decided that…show more content…
When O’Connell won the Country Clare election in 1828 it seemed impossible for there to be no change of the rules within parliament. The Roman Catholic Emancipation Act was passed in 1829 due overall support in the House of Commons and it could be said that this led to positive change for Irish Nationalism. Many opportunities were sprung open by this act, especially for the middle class, in political and professional jobs in particular. Also, O’Connell teamed up with the Whigs and managed to pass a number of acts such as the Irish Church Act, which could also have been seen to help. O’Connell’s success also seemed to forge a link between Irish nationalism and Catholicism. All of these things seem to suggest that 1829 was a turning point for Irish nationalism. However O’Connell’s hopes that emancipation would lead to repeal did not materialise. The Act has succeeded in its intention to keep the union intact. The middle class gained most from it and became content. They did not support the repeal campaign, and was a reason for its failure and furthermore, there was no support in parliament for repeal of the union. There has at least been serious consideration of change in the union in 1886. By the end of the repeal campaign O’Connell was receiving criticism from more extreme groups such as Young Ireland. The Great Famine was a key event in changing the relationship between Great Britain and

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