In the course of child development, a multitude of factors have severe ramifications on the child’s

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In the course of child development, a multitude of factors have severe ramifications on the child’s future. These factors are either categorized as risk or protective, based on the positive or negative benefits that are derived from each. Risk factors exist as potentially mal-adaptive behavior profile variables that influence or interfere with a child’s competency to thrive in their environment. Protective factors, on the other hand, create positive influences on development by negating effects of various risk factors. Both risk and protective factors exist in a variety of forms. Genetic, biological, psychological, familial, and social-cultural influences can be seen on each side. Not only do they exist in a variety of forms, but their…show more content…
“Extensive literature and studies strongly indicate that offspring of alcoholics are at elevated risk for alcoholism.” Not only is the prevalence of the original disease strongly associated, but “ children of alcoholics are more likely to be hyperactive, engage in antisocial behaviors, have lower academic achievement, have lesser cognitive abilities, and have more negative alcohol consequences.” Inherited genetic disorders, like substance abuse problems, create a multidimensional risk factor. The precursory disorder not only affects the child in the fact that they inherit it, but they also obtain various new undesirable behaviors. A genetic link is strongly associated with psychopathology due to the description of the mechanisms involved in the nature vs. nurture association. Genetic and biological factors are generally observed as natural occurrences, where environmental factors are seen through a nurturing lens. The genetic component of this relationship is permanent and key in understanding all psychodynamic processes. The limitations that do exist when looking at genetic risk factors are related to this idea of nature vs nurture. Genetic reasoning alone for a claim in favor of alcoholic tendencies is impossible; environmental risk factors are too prevalent. “As indicated from the direct path from behavioral undercontrol to alcohol involvement, alcohol expectancy alone appears incapable of completely explain the relation and other processes must be

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