Inclusion and Consultation Theory

2525 Words10 Pages
The principle of "Inclusion tresses, among other concepts, that all members accept their fair share of responsibility for all children, including those with disabilities" (Dettmer, Thurston, & Dyck, 2005, p. 40). This shared responsibility and giftedness is facilitated through "consultation theory," which employs a team approach to successful inclusion of students with disabilities within mainstream education. Sheridan, Richards and Smoot (2000) report that Urie Brofenbrenner (1977) "In a seminal article, emphasized the importance of ecological considerations in child development by recognizing that a child is part of a number of interrelated systems, each with reciprocal and bidirectional influence on the others." (p.167) It is reported that the subsystems primarily addressed in consultation are the microsystem and the mesosystem. The mesosystem is reported to be defined as "the immediate setting or system within which an individual functions at anyone point in time, such as a classroom, neighborhood, or home setting." (Sheridan, Richards and Smoot, 2000, p.167) Problems are addressed at this level at the time they occur in a setting or environment that is isolated in nature whereas the mesosystem is focused on relationships "among immediate systems in an individual's environment, such as interrelations among the home and school settings." (Sheridan, Richards and Smoot, 2000, p. 167) The focus at this level is such that enables the "identification and resolution of broader
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