Inclusive Education

3595 Words Apr 15th, 2015 15 Pages
INCLUSIVE EDUCATION: CHALENGES AND PROSPECT IN INDIAN PERSPECTIVE
ABSTRACT
Inclusive education is process of strengthening the capacity of the education system to reach out to all learners, irrespective of their abilities, disabilities, ethnicity, gender and age, and receives quality education. The purpose of the study is to ensure that all children gain access to quality education that will prepare them to contribute to country’s progress. Recommendations to send children with disabilities to mainstream schools were first made in the Sargent Report in 1944 and thereafter the Government of India has created numerous policies around inclusive education since the country’s independence. Despite the promotion of inclusive education, Govt.
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After independence of India in the 1947, the various commissions, committees, Acts, schemes have been made, implemented and constituted for persons with disabilities in India.
Sargent Report (1944)
The CABE report (John Sargent), can be said to be a landmark in the policy on ‘Integration’ of disabled children in general schools, though it continued its recommendation for special schools, but ‘only when the nature and extent of their defect (made) it necessary. It suggested children with disabilities should be entirely mainstreamed and stressed that it was the only way to provide an education.
The National Education commission (1964-66)
It was evidently in favour of making education of the handicapped an integral part of the general education system. The commission suggested educational facilities to be extended to these four category: The blind, the deaf, the orthopedically handicapped and the mentally retarded. The Education Commission further felt that children would be constrained by two main considerations: lack of teachers and financial resources. It recommended to NCERT, to study in this country and abroad, the work being done in the field of education for the handicapped and prepare material for their teachers.

National Education Policy (1968)
The National Education Policy (1968) followed the commission’s recommendations and suggested the expansion of education facilities for physically and mentally
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