Inclusive Education Theory : Australia And The United States

3285 WordsNov 2, 201414 Pages
Introduction Inclusive education theory is predominant in government acts and school practices on Australian state and national levels (Keefe-Martin & Callahan, 2012). However the understanding of the dynamic differences between differing inclusive approaches is not often fully understood in Australian schools. By comparing and contrasting the Australian Federal laws Disability Discrimination Act (1992) and more recently the Disability Standards of Education (2005) as well as the newest United States federal law of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act, and contrasting them with current Australian pedagogical approaches it is hoped to clarify both the implementation and criticisms of the approaches to inclusive education, and the need for federal and state legislation for inclusive practices. A Brief History of Inclusive Practices: Australia and The U.S.A In Australian schooling the 1960’s marked the beginning of inclusion for students with disabilities in educational facilities, in comparison to prior care and supervision in non educational institutions (Farrington, 2005). During this time students with disabilities were placed in specialist schools or specialist units within typical schools (Farrington, 2005). It wasn’t until the late 70’s - early 80’s that the education system began to recognise student with disabilities as students who deserved to receive a normal educational experience and be treated as valued individuals therein (Farrington, 2005). In 1992
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