Inclusive Instructional Practices Essay

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Inclusion is not a new idea, but has been rapidly gaining momentum within many disciplines internationally. Inclusive education is a term often associated with Special education, and children with additional needs. However, inclusive education is about ensuring that educational settings allow for meaningful participation by all learners. Each child has their own unique identity, ways of doing things, strengths and weaknesses. Ministry of Education [MoE] (1998) states that teachers “should recognise that as all students are individuals, their learning may call for different approaches, different resourcing, and different goals” (p. 39, emphasis added). This statement shows that all children may require differing approaches in…show more content…
This means that additional support measures must be in place to enable children to reach their milestones, educational goals, and to form and maintain social relationships with their peers (Sandall & Schwartz, 2002). Uditsky (1993) adds to this by suggesting that the child with additional needs moves through their education with their peers. Inclusion allows all children to be challenged to an appropriate level for each individual, providing support and extension where needed (Stainback & Stainback, 1996). Booth & Ainscow (2002) sum up the meaning of inclusion well, stating that inclusion “involves restructuring the cultures, policies and practices in schools so that they respond to the diversity of students” (p. 12). This includes teaching and assessment practices, as outlined by the New Zealand Curriculum. It states that learners with “special needs are given quality learning experiences that enable them to achieve, and students with special abilities and talents are given opportunities to work beyond formally described objectives” (MoE, 2007, p. 39). It is legislated by the Treaty of Waitangi, the Human Rights Act 1993, the Privacy Act 1993, the Education Act 1989, the National Education Guidelines, Te Whāriki, and the New Zealand Curriculum that learners with additional needs are to be provided for within the early childhood and school sectors (MoE, 1995). The Ministry of Education (2000) has outlined seven principles of inclusion, which
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