After School projects can bolster regions' endeavors to actualize and assess nearby wellbeing approaches in two critical ways. One route is to offer extra open doors for a composed physical movement and nourishment and physical instruction. Another is to execute program arrangements and practices that strengthen the region's nearby health strategy and bolster its objectives for wellbeing, accordingly guaranteeing consistency from the school day to the after school hours. The Afterschool Alliance has built up this toolbox to feature opportunities for after school pioneers and supporters to end up engaged with and help shape the procedure along at all times.The Afterschool Alliance is the main association devoted to bringing issues to light of the significance of afterschool programs and pushing for more afterschool ventures to guarantee that all youngsters approach moderate, quality afterschool programs.The Afterschool Alliance has made and recognized assets to control you through the way toward distinguishing, drawing in and keeping up associations with
Childhood Mental Disorders, such as anxiety, depression and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, are chronic health conditions that present between birth and age 18.1 Mental disorders are characterized as a “combination of abnormal thoughts, emotions, and behaviors”2 that may impair a child’s functioning in school, at home, and in everyday life. They are caused by a combination of biological and environmental factors i.e. a family history of anxiety and living below the poverty line. CDC estimates that twenty percent of children in the United States currently suffer from a diagnosable mental disorder3 yet 75-80% of affected individuals do not receive necessary mental health services.4 The underutilization of mental health services may
During adolescents, there is an increased vulnerability for depression due to biological, cognitive, and socio-environmental changes. For this paper, I will be discussing Scarlet, a 16 year old Hispanic female whose parents have divorced two years ago, and because of that Scarlet has been displaying symptoms of Persistent Depressive Disorder and Oppositional and Defiant Disorder. This paper will review literature which supports Cognitive Behavioral Therapy as being an effective form of treatment for depression with adolescents. I will also review literature which supports Family Therapy as being an effective treatment for adolescents with parent-child relational problems. I will also discuss any issues related to culture,
In 2010, the center for disease control defined failure to thrive as inadequate growth or the inability to maintain growth in childhood using a standard growth chart. Diagnosis of failure to thrive is determined when a child`s weight for their age dips below the firth percentile of a normal growth curve. According to Cole and Lanham, in 2011, failure to thrive is seen in five to ten percent of children in the primary care settings. A higher rate of failure to thrive in infants is seen in underprivileged urban and rural areas across the United States. Eighty percent of diagnosed cases of failure to thrive were diagnosed under the age of eighteen months. The epidemiology of failure to thrive is not truly known within the United States of
The children with mothers suffering from depression are at a higher risk of negative psychological and developmental issues, they are more likely to be anxious and depressed themselves and have problems with oppositional and disruptive behaviors (Goodman et al. 2011; Luoma et al. 2011). The Children’s Depression Inventory (CDI) is a self-report depressive scale of symptoms appropriate for youths age 7-17 years it measures self-esteem, depression, and cognitive distortions. (Myers and Winters 2002). The Beck Depression Inventory-II (BDI-II; Beck et al. 1996) is a measurement used for the severity of the mothers’ depression symptoms in areas such as sense of failure, mood, and somatic symptoms. This study reported that there is an important
America’s obsession with happiness is stated in its Declaration of Independence. “The pursuit of happiness” stands as one of mankind’s God-given rights, but is striving for happiness always healthy? The idea that people should take the search for happiness into their own hands is evident of the individualistic nature of Western culture. This individualistic viewpoint shows through the changing diagnosis and treatment of mental disorders such as depression. There have been numerous reports recently on the increasing prevalence of depression and the use of antidepressant medication. Changes in viewpoints regarding mental illness, an increasingly individualist and collectivist society,
Teen drugs has been increasing over the last few decades , they are start as early as 8th and continue to increase throughout high school. However, the use of alcohol, cigarettes, and prescription relievers has decreasing over the last few decades. The descriptive statistics show that 50 random individuals that were teeage and had remain anonymous. They was ask about their depression and what type of drugs they use to cope with it. 50% of the adolescent was from low-income, and the other 50% was from a middle class neighborhood. According to the data the used of depression and drugs are about the same from both low-income and middle-class income. Since the teens was anonymous and wasn’t allow to age or sex, the case study wasn’t able to go from in-depth about the group individuals. That
Children, families and communities can all benefit greatly from quality after-school programs. The majority of the time spent by unsupervised children and youth is either watching television or with peers in unsupervised activities. Quality after-school programs provide a safe, supervised environment for these young people and children. After-school programs also provide structured supervised activities, which improves the overall learning process. The students involved in quality after-school programs create more positive relationships with their peers and also with caring responsible adults with whom these students can foster lasting bonds. This in turn helps to harvest students with a higher level of self-esteem. Students that perform better in academics as well as develop stronger social skills.
It is argued that the field of positive psychology is relatively new and therefore long term evaluation of applications is not available. Critics suggest that its potential is exaggerated, limiting its relevance in today’s society. However, Seligman argued that psychology was too heavily focused on treating mental illness rather than promoting mental health, and aimed to redress the balance between problem behaviour and mental illness. Using the positive approach, he aimed to use a variety of techniques such as meditation and mindfulness to inoculate individuals against future mental and physical ill health. He argued that positive psychology provides tools which can promote psychological well being and allow the human race to adapt to a range of significant economic, environmental and social challenges. Seligman provided some evidence to support his claims of success. 21 replications of Seligman's schools program found evidence of decreased anxiety and depression in participants.
Offered at schools and communities across the world, after school programs have benefited many low and middle income families in need of its safety for children, learning useful study habits, and engaging in social ties with the community. In 2014, 10.2 million American children (18 percent) engaged in an after school program, 15 percent or 8.4 million, children participated in after school programs in 2009 (America After 3pm, 2015). Too many economically disadvantaged neighborhoods do not have the resources to build a high quality program to prepare students for academic success. After school programs can provide valuable life lessons like healthy eating, conflict resolution, and community service to not only allow students
In Martin Seligman’s TED talk, he explains the values of positive psychology’s impact on creating happier lives. In 2000, Martin Seligman created a new field of psychology called Positive Psychology. This field of positive psychology is the study of positive traits and behaviors that can contribute to a positive “happier” life. In Seligman’s TED talk, The New Positive Era of Psychology, he categorizes positive lives into three categories. The Pleasant life, the life of engagement, and the meaningful life. But before he begins his speech, he explains the negative actions taken by psychology when treating people.
With these long school days children don’t have much time to go out and be a kid. By the time children get home and finish all their homework, there really isn’t much time for sports or spending time with friends and family. Long hours of school put too much pressure on students. According to the state, students are supposed to have three and a half hours of homework a night. Students are assigned about 17 hours of homework a week. There is a total of 168 hours in a week and 64 of those hours are taken from us by school and homework. Out of the 24 hours in a day school, homework, and sleep take 18 hours, which leaves students with just 6 hours to do things. Combine that with sports and after school activities, the average practice for most sports are 2 to 3 hours, which leaves the student with only 3 hours for themselves. If you add dinner into the equation which can take up to an hour ,then students only have two hours a day. Some students also have chores which can take up to an hour or even sometimes more. What can a student do with only 1 hour of time a day for their personal goals.
Positive psychology, which has emerged recently, is the scientific study of human thriving. Psychology traditionally focuses on dysfunction—on people with mental illness or other psychological problems and how to treat them. Positive psychology, by contrast, is a relatively new field that examines how ordinary people can become happier and more fulfilled. In his 1998 APA presidential address, Seligman, the founder of positive psychology, argued that psychology had become too focused on curing mental illness according to a disease model, and that, for all intents and purposes, it had become a “victimology” (Seligman, 1998). What was needed, he averred, was a new “science of human strengths,” a positive psychology (Seligman & Csikszentmihalyi, 2000).
The journal article, “Preventing Symptoms of Depression by Teaching Adolescents that People Can Change: Effects of a Brief Incremental Theory of Personality Intervention at 9-Month Follow-Up,” by Adriana Sum Miu and David Scott Yeager presented an experiment about using an intervention to help slow the rate of symptoms of depression in adolescents, however, an article entitled, “Teens taught that personality traits change in high school cope with depression better,” by Linda Searing misrepresented the journal article.
Until recently depression in children and adolescents had not received a great deal of attention. Increasing interest can probably be traced to a number of influences.