Increasing Intercultural Competence and Tolerance in Multicultural Schools by Lebedeva, Makarova, and Tatarko
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In their paper, “Increasing Intercultural Competence and Tolerance in Multicultural Schools: A Training Program and Its Effectiveness,” Lebedeva, Makarova, and Tatarko (2013) discuss the Training of Intercultural Competence and Tolerance (TICT) program that was developed as a measure for preventing interethnic conflicts that were prevalent in the North Caucasus Federal District of Russia. In the paper, the authors examine the motives for developing the training program, the structure of the program, and the outcome of implementing the program.
Lebedeva et al. (2013) explain the North Caucasus Federal District of Russia is comprised of more than 130 ethnic groups with the number increasing as more people migrate from the South Caucasus. The increasing numbers of migrants to the North Caucasus has created additional stress to an area that is already suffering from ethnic tensions (Lebedeva et al.). The authors describe the program as being developed as a means of training intercultural competence to adolescent students as a way of reducing tension caused by ethnic prejudices.
Lebedeva et al. (2013) summarize the program goals as the following: reduce anxiety in intercultural interactions, overcome ethnic prejudices and negative stereotypes, form cognitive and emotional empathy, develop an isomorphic attribution of outgroup behavior, form a common identity, and model positive behavior patterns in intercultural interaction (p. 40)
Using models from social and