Independent Music's Influence On The Development Of Musical Performances And Production

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INTRODUCTION This essay will be looking at Independent music in relation to the categorisation of distribution and production. It will also discuss the impact with regard to the development of musical performances and production. Originally, Independent music referred to bands or artists who performed and/or produced music autonomously and without the commercial rules and restrictions associated with major record labels (Hale, 2014). Throughout the years Independent music has evolved into a broader meaning that is harder to define. Today, the term “Indie” is used to describe a genre of music and is often used as a prefix to another genre such as Indie-Rock and Indie-Folk. So what is Indie music? And how did Indie evolve to become a genre? BRIEF HISTORY OF EARLY INDEPENDENT RECORD LABELS ‘Independent record labels have been around since music started being recorded’ (King, 2012, p.13). Created by fanatics with a passion for music, the recording and production process was often self-funded and the purpose was to nurture talent and creativity. Most of the major record companies we know today would have once started in this manner (King, 2012). As far back as 1917 independent record labels were recording early Blues and Jazz music. In 1920 following the end of World War 1 (WW1), Brunswick became known as the biggest independent label in the USA. Due to financial problems, Brunswick went into receivership in 1930 and was bought out by Warner Brothers who are still one of

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