India, America and Nuclear Politics Essay

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India, America and Nuclear Politics

As we head towards the next millennium, no longer are there a few, traditional forces to lead the world economically. "Third-world" nations, such as India, are beginning to harness their manpower into greater modes of production, which signifies the end of "superpowers," and the beginning of economic parity throughout the world. In this age of globalization, it is becoming quite clear that no longer can the United States dictate world order. In the coming years, expect interdependence from every country, which will eliminate the state of the superpowers as we know it. India, which maintains the world’s largest democracy, is one nation that is making strides to assert their presence as a world power.
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government aptly receives the "hypocrite" moniker, when one examines the facts surrounding the nuclear hoopla. Since the start of the Manhattan Project in late 1930's, the United States has conducted over 1200 nuclear tests, with tests continuing today. India, in the meantime, has tested six nuclear devices; five of them occurring this year alone. Pakistan has also conducted six tests, with all but one coming in 1998.4 Add that fact, with the knowledge that only the United States has ever used such a device, and you begin to get a clearer picture of what the world is talking about. It should come as no surprise that the United States has a significant interest in halting proliferation. According to Koch, their nuclear policy is such, that other countries are essentially encouraged to proliferate.1 Even key figures on the Manhattan Project, such as Edward Teller, could see this coming. After the India and Pakistan's tests, Teller admitted "the idea of nonproliferation seemed to be wishful thinking. When [he] heard about the explosion in India, [he] simply felt that what was inevitable, happened."5

The United States, to this day, abides by the ordinance put in use after the Soviet Union gained nuclear capability. In July of 1963, President John F. Kennedy spoke to the American people, outlining the Nuclear Test Ban Treaty, which was put into effect after negotiations with the Soviet Union and the United Kingdom. At the heart of his speech,
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