India My Native Land

2185 Words May 6th, 2013 9 Pages
A sonnet of fourteen lines divided between three quatrains and an ending couplet, "To India My Native Land" is a song of love and deep emotion from Henry Louis Vivian Derozio to his "fallen country," India. The poem was published before Derozio's untimely death at the age of twenty-two from cholera in 1831.

The abab abcc dede ff rhyme scheme employed by Derozio is most clearly identifiable as a variation of Edmund Spenser's Amoretti rhyme scheme

Introduction to the Poem

• To India- My Native Land is one of the best known poem of Derozio.

• In This Poem, Derozio expresses his grief over the past glory of India.

• The country has lost it altogether.

• Time was in the past when the country enjoyed lot of
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* in thy days of glory past: in the past when India was full of glory
In the past, India had a rich cultural, spiritual and literary attribute: she was full of glory and was admired and reverred all over the world. India was regarded highly by all but now, because of her subjugation to the British imperial intentions, she has lost all her glory and grandeur.
* a beauteous halo
Halo: a circle of light surrounding the head of a holy person in a painting or a sculpture.
The phrase underscores the divine and stellar status that India enjoyed in the past. She was worshipped as a deity, as a goddess.
º The poet resorts to the figure of speech Metaphor to compare India to a deity.
Metaphor is a figure of speech in which two things are compared omitting like or as.
E The car flew down the highway. My love is a red, red rose.
Simile is a figure of speech in which two things are compared using like or as.
E The car flew like a bird down the highway. My love is like a red, red rose.

| The poet then exclaims rhetorically where the glory and reverence that India enjoyed in the past have vanished. |

Rhetorical Question is a question in which the answer is implied in the question itself.
E Can we forget those happy days?
Such a poetic technique is used by the poet to involve the readers in the drift of the poem.

* Thy eagle pinion is chained at last
Eagle is a royal bird; pinion is its wings.
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