India National Committee on Disaster Management

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India: National Committee on Disaster Management (NCDM) Since independence in 1947, India has developed a nationwide relief administration but with the primary responsibility placed on State Governments to play the lead role. It has raised a specific structure for disaster management in the recent years. The structure is as under:- Figure 3-6 NDMA - India (Source: NDMA, India) • Mandate  The Central Government plays a number of important roles in the primary relief functions relating to warning, communications, transportation (evacuation and movement of essential commodities), logistics, medical supplies, infrastructure preservation and restoration, and financial resources.  Secondary role of the Central Government is designed to supplement the states’ relief efforts. It includes flood forecasts, relief, rehabilitation and restoration, contingency planning, technical assistance for provision of drinking water, water management, and coordination of state voluntary agencies’ activities. • Responsibilities  In India the state government is primarily responsible for disaster management, specially the responsibility for rescue, relief and rehabilitation. Effort of the state government is augmented by the central government in terms of financial and logistic support.  Responsible departments and ministries are:- o Ministry of agriculture. o Civil aviation department. o Ministry of interior. o Ministry of Railways. o Ministry of environment. o Health and family welfare
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