India 's Political And Economic Environment

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1. Introduction
India and South Africa are members of the five major emerging economies. They are both developing countries however, they are well distinguished for their large democracy, fast-growing economies and significant influence on regional and global affairs. This report aims to comparatively analyse whether India or South Africa is in a better position to succeed in the global economy. For the purposes of this report, I will be comparing and analysing each country’s political and economic environment and also looking at the environment for foreign direct investment in order to determine whether India or South Africa is in a better position to succeed.

2. Political Environment
The political environment of a country consists of
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By averaging at a score of 2 out of 7 (one being the best) in 2014, South Africa scores better than India. In South Africa, freedom of expression and the press are protected in the constitution and generally respected in practice, though press freedom has deteriorated in recent years. Internet access is unrestricted and growing rapidly in South Africa, however the government is highly sensitive to media criticism and has recently proposed several potentially restrictive laws. The government’s encroachment can be seen in its regular intrusion on the editorial independence of the South African Broadcasting Corporation (SABC) regulating what can be broadcasted. India averaged at a score of 2.5 in 2014. Despite India’s vibrant media landscape, journalists continue to face a number of constraints. The government has made use of security laws, criminal defamation legislation, hate-speech laws, and contempt-of-court charges to restrict critical voices on social media as well as traditional media platforms.

Furthermore, South Africans are generally free to form, join, and participate in independent trade unions, with the countries labour laws offering unionized workers a litany of protections. However, strike activity is very common and South Africa is seeing an increase in violent and “wildcat strikes” (strikes not approved by labour law). Similar to South Africa, Indian workers in the formal economy regularly exercise
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