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Indian Arts And Crafts Act Violations

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Indian Arts and Crafts Acts Violations
Indian Art and Crafts produces roughly one billion United States dollars annually and is rife with counterfeiters and forgers that use the cyber world to facilitate a multi-million dollar fraud scheme of an international character.
Indian Arts and Crafts Acts has the potential to violate several cyber, federal jurisdiction and mission; including but not limited too:
• 18 U.S.C. § 371 (conspiracy),
• 18 U.S.C. § 542 (importation by false or fraudulent practice ),
• 19 U.S.C. §1304 (failure to mark goods with country of origin),
• 26 U.S.C. §7201 (tax evasion),
• 18 U.S.C. § 1956 (laundering of monetary instruments), and
• many other potential violations.
Relation to Cybercrimes
Large scale art forgery
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101-644 (Act).
The act makes it unlawful to offer or display for sale or sell any good in a manner that falsely suggests it is Indian produced, an Indian product, or the product of a particular Indian or Indian tribe or Indian arts and crafts organization, resident within the United States.
The penalty for goods offered or displayed for sale or actually sold at a total price of $1,000 or more is a fine up to $250,000 or imprisonment for not more than 5 years, or both
The Indian Arts and Crafts Amendments Act of 2010, P.L. 111-211, allowed them to refer cases to any federal law enforcement officer for investigation (Congress,
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(They can be easily mapped out in a program like RFFlow, Visio, OpenOffice.org Draw, or other visual diagramming software.)
Agents will need to work to discover electronic sources of evidence, exploit those sources, and use them to find imported jewelry that appears to be destined for the counterfeit Indian art market...
…utilizing cyber technology, as well as old-fashioned police work (surveillance, marking pieces with an ultraviolet dye at ports of entry, and making controlled buys) to build a case. References
Congress, 1. (2019, July 29). Congress*GOV. Retrieved 27 November, 2016, from H.R.725 - Indian Arts and Crafts Amendments Act of 2010: https://www.congress.gov/bill/111th-congress/house-bill/725
DOI. (n.d.). Indian Arts and Crafts Board . Retrieved November 27, 2016, from U.S. Department of the Interior: https://www.doi.gov/iacb/act/
Duncan, R. (2016). Indian Law Handbook.
Lockhart, K. (2016, November 25). The UK's online counterfeit economy - by numbers. Retrieved 27 November, 2016, from The Telegraph:
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