Indian Cold Chain Scenario

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Indian cold chain: modeling the inhibitors
Rohit Joshi, Devinder Kumar Banwet and Ravi Shankar
Department of Management Studies, Indian Institute of Technology, Delhi, New Delhi, India
Purpose – The cold chain has become an integral part of the supply chain of perishable items. Recent studies have shown a critical absence of a strong and dependable cold chain in developing economies. The purpose of this paper is to set out to identify and inter-relate the inhibitors that significantly influence the efficiency of a cold chain in developing economies like India. Design/methodology/approach – The synthesis and prioritization of inhibitors are done on the basis of an extensive literature review as well
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milk is to be kept at 48C to 108C, whereas ice-cream requires 2 188C (Manning et al., 2006) Includes customer practices related to temperature sensitivity (Ovca and Jevsnik, 2008)

Indian cold chain


Table I. Difference between supply chain of non-perishables and cold chain

behavior). A typical cold chain infrastructure generally consists of pre-cooling facilities, cold storages, refrigerated carriers, packaging, warehouse, traceability, retailer, and consumers, under the aegis of information management systems (Montanari, 2008). A typical cold chain is shown in Figure 1. The integrity of the cold chain must be preserved from the point of production, processing, through each of the transport stages – handling, loading, unloading, and storage – and extends to storage at the consuming household (Salin and Nayga, 2003). An efficient management of the cold chain is the key to prevent unnecessary losses and maintaining the bottom line. Literatures on cold chain management have discussed about various performance variables and factors that influence the cold chain efficiency and integrity. Donk et al. (2008) have explored the specific problems of food manufacturers seeking
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